Specifically it is difficult to reveal the origin of the Mediterranean style of architecture because the Mediterranean is so vast, encompassing three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa that surround the Mediterranean. The architectural style brought by Spanish immigrants to the United States is referred to as Mediterranean architecture.
The Spanish nation at that time came to the Florida region in the 16th century by enriching their architectural style to the country that became its colonial territory. The golden age of Mediterranean architectural style took place in the southern part of the United States, which took place in the early 19th century. Thus, it can be said that the style of Mediterranean architecture is an architectural style that comes from Spain.
The word Mediterranean gives the impression of a blue sky atmosphere with the warmth of the sun. In the countries of origin, Mediterranean architectural style emerged because of adjustments to the local environmental conditions are hot.
Due to its hot climate, the beauty of the Mediterranean-style buildings has the character of a thick walled building to protect the heat during the day, yet remains warm at night. Small windows are used to withstand the heat. The garden is located within the building so that its privacy is characteristic of the Mediterranean style.
The style of Mediterranean architecture seeks to harmonize the natural state around with buildings. This is evident from the materials used mostly natural from nature, such as natural stone materials and also clay used in building walls.
Here are some of the characteristics of buildings with Mediterranean style:
Portico or porch is a decorative element that is usually presented in front of the entrance that is supported by the pole.
Columns are one element that comes from the classical Greek and Roman architecture on windows, doors and portico. Supported columns are often used are columns made of bricks. Pillar is a dominant part of the facade of the house and gives the impression of luxury.
The size of a terrace or a wide hall or a court yard complete with a fountain becomes a way to keep the temperature comfortable. The presence of elements of water and garden in the Mediterranean architecture is the influence of the Moors when mastering Spain. For the Moors the park is an ‘earthy paradise’.
The wall material used is a reinforced clay (adobe) that can be refurbished using whitewasher. In America the walls of natural stone are more widely used than bricks. Stone material is usually left plain without finishing resulting in a coarse texture.
The main entrance of the house has several forms due to the influence of Byzantine, Spanish Gothic, and Spanish Renaissance. In its development, the most commonly used door shape is a square with ventilation on it. For Asian countries especially Indonesia, most of the main doors are curved on top.
Balconies are usually located in large houses used to connect two wings of buildings with open corridors.
The shape of the mosaic tiles adds beauty to the interior of the Mediterranean house. This tile can be placed in the kitchen, glass frame, or on the table.
Nature became the inspiration for the selection of floor finishing materials, walls, and roof of the house. The walls are made with coarse texture to make it look more natural. The colors used are also inspired from nature.